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COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder)

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder) is a serious lung disease characterized by the gradual loss of lung function. It is one of the most common types of lung disease. COPD encompasses both emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Smoking is the leading cause of COPD.

Other causes of COPD may include: Dry cough Large amounts of second hand cigarette smoke Air pollutants and chemical fumes Hazardous dusts from the environment or the workplace Genetic condition called alpha-1antitrypsin deficiency

COPD Symptoms

COPD develops slowly, usually for years before any symptoms arise. COPD is typically diagnosed in middle-aged or older adults. COPD symptoms may include:

  1. Shortness of breath that worsens with little activity
  2. Cough, with or without mucus
  3. Fatigue
  4. Respiratory infections
  5. Wheezing

COPD can be diagnosed using a variety of tests:

  1. Spirometry
  2. Chest X-rays and CT scans
  3. Blood Test (Arterial blood gas)

There is currently no cure for COPD and no way to reverse the lung damage. Lifestyle changes and medications can help relieve symptoms. For those with severe COPD, surgery may be required.

Doctors of the Lung Center may treat COPD with pulmonary rehabilitation, a broad program designed to help improve the well-being of patients with chronic breathing problems.

COPD treatment options may include:

  1. Stopping smoking
  2. Medications
  3. Exercise
  4. Nutrition
  5. Flu and pneumonia shots
  6. Oxygen therapy
  7. Pulmonary rehabilitation
  8. Surgery
  9. Manage disease and symptoms